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Former Premature Infant





  • Current post conceptual age & apnea risk

  • Congenital anomalies or syndromes

  • Complications of prematurity:

    • Airway: tracheal stenosis & malacia, subglottic stenosis, aspiration risk from GERD 

    • Pulmonary: bronchopulmonary dysplasia, reactive airways, bullae, O2 dependency 

    • Cardiovascular: cardiomyopathy, persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN)

    • CNS: intraventricular hemorrhage, intracranial hemorrhage, cerebral palsy, hydrocephalus, seizure disorders

    • Others: 

      • Retinopathy of prematurity

      • GERD/swallowing difficulties

      • Kidney disease

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